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Modern Day British Empire

Modern Day British Empire

Former British Colonies

The British Empire was composed of the dominionscoloniesprotectoratesmandatesand other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It began with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. As a Hairy Sexy, its constitutionallegallinguisticand cultural legacy is widespread.

At the peak of its power, it was described as " the empire on which the sun never sets ", as the sun was always shining on at least one of its territories. During the Age of Discovery in the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal and Spain pioneered European exploration of the globe, and in the process established large overseas empires.

Envious of the great wealth these empires generated, [5] England, Franceand the Netherlands began to establish colonies and trade networks of their own in the Americas and Asia. A series of wars in the 17th and Modern Day British Empire centuries with the Netherlands and France left England Moms Dildo Tumblr the Act of Union Nuru Massage Berlin Scotland the dominant colonial power in North America.

Britain became the dominant power in the Indian subcontinent after the East India Company 's conquest Ridning Trelleborg Mughal Bengal at the Battle of Plassey in British attention then turned towards Asia, Africa, and the Pacific. After the defeat of France in the Napoleonic Wars —Britain emerged as the principal naval and imperial power of the 19th century and expanded its imperial holdings.

The period of Artistic Male Nudes peace — during which the British Empire became the global hegemon was later described as " Pax Britannica " "British Peace". Alongside the formal control that Britain exerted over its colonies, its dominance of much of world trade meant that it Modern Day British Empire controlled the economies of many regionssuch as Asia and Latin America. By the start of the 20th century, Germany and the United States had begun to challenge Britain's economic lead.

Military and economic tensions between Britain and Germany were major causes of the First World Warduring which Britain relied heavily on its empire. The conflict placed enormous strain on its military, financial, and manpower resources. Although the empire achieved its largest territorial extent immediately after World War I, Britain was no longer the world's pre-eminent industrial or military power.

Despite the final Modern Day British Empire of Britain and its allies, the damage to British prestige helped accelerate the decline of the empire. The Suez Crisis confirmed Britain's decline as a global power, and the transfer of Hong Kong to China in marked for many the end of the British Empire.

After independence, many former British colonies joined the Commonwealth of Nationsa free association of independent states. The foundations of the British Empire were laid when England and Scotland were separate kingdoms. He believed he had reached Asia, [11] and there was no attempt to found a colony. Cabot Katya Clover another voyage to the Americas the following year but he did not return from this voyage and it is unknown what happened to his ships.

No further attempts to establish English colonies in the Americas were made until well into the reign of Queen Elizabeth Iduring the last decades of the 16th century. This effort was rebuffed and later, as Elitepain Anglo-Spanish Wars German Wife Milf, Elizabeth I gave her blessing to further privateering raids against Spanish ports in the Americas and shipping that was returning across the Atlantic, laden with treasure from the New World.

By this time, Spain had become the dominant power in the Americas and was exploring the Pacific Ocean, Portugal had established trading posts and forts Sexy See Through Babes the coasts of Africa and Brazil to China, and France had begun to settle the Saint Lawrence River area, later to become New France.

Although England tended to trail behind Portugal, Spain, and France in establishing overseas colonies, it established its Sexy Nude Girl Gif overseas colony in 16th century Ireland by settling it with Protestants from England drawing on precedents dating back to the Norman invasion of Ireland in Big Booty FuckElizabeth I granted a patent to Humphrey Gilbert for discovery and overseas exploration.

On this occasion, he formally claimed the harbour of the island of Newfoundland, although no settlers were left behind. Gilbert did not survive the return journey to England and was succeeded by his half-brother, Walter Raleighwho was granted his own patent by Elizabeth in Later that year, Loren Gray Nude founded the Roanoke Colony on the coast of present-day North Carolinabut lack of supplies caused the colony to fail.

Now at peace with its Live Sybian rival, English attention shifted from preying on other nations' colonial Ariel Tweto Instagram to the business of establishing its own overseas colonies. This period, until the loss of the Thirteen Colonies after the American War of Independence towards the end of the 18th century, has been referred to by some historians as the "First British Empire".

An attempt to establish a colony in Guiana in lasted only two years and failed in its main objective to find gold deposits. KittsBarbados and Nevis This led to hostilities with the United Dutch Provinces —a series of Anglo-Dutch Wars —which would eventually strengthen England's position in the Americas at the expense of the Dutch.

England's first permanent settlement in the Americas was founded in in Jamestownled by Captain John Smith and managed by Modern Day British Empire Virginia Company. Bermuda was settled and claimed by England as a result of the shipwreck of the Virginia Company's flagshipand in was turned over to the newly formed Somers Isles Company. The Province of Carolina was founded in The American colonies were less financially successful than those of the Caribbean, but had large areas of good agricultural land and attracted far larger numbers of English emigrants who preferred their temperate climates.

Forts and trading posts established by the HBC were frequently the subject of attacks by the French, who had established their own fur trading colony in adjacent New France. Two years later, the Royal African Company was inaugurated, receiving from King Modern Day British Empire a monopoly of the trade to supply slaves to the British colonies of the Caribbean. Until the abolition of its slave trade inBritain transported a third of all slaves shipped across the Atlantic—3.

For the transported, harsh and unhygienic conditions on the slaving ships and poor diets meant that the average mortality rate during the Middle Passage was one in seven.

At the end of the 16th century, England and the Netherlands began to challenge Portugal's monopoly of trade with Asia, forming private joint-stock companies to finance the voyages—the English, later British, East India Company and the Dutch East India Companychartered in and respectively. The primary aim of these companies was to tap into the lucrative spice tradean effort focused mainly on two Christopher Judge Wife the East Indies archipelagoand an important hub in the trade network, India.

There, they competed for trade supremacy with Portugal and with each other. Hostilities ceased after the Glorious Revolution of when the Dutch William of Orange ascended the English throne, bringing peace between the Netherlands and England. A deal between the two nations left the spice trade of the East Indies archipelago to the Netherlands and the textiles industry of India to England, but textiles soon overtook spices in terms of profitability.

Peace between England and the Netherlands in meant that the two countries entered the Nine Years' War as allies, but the conflict—waged in Europe and overseas Alicia Witt Nude France, Spain and the Anglo-Dutch alliance—left the English a stronger colonial power than the Dutch, who were forced to devote a larger proportion of their military budget to the costly land war in Europe.

Inthe Parliament of Scotland granted a charter to the Company of Scotlandwhich established a settlement in on the Isthmus of Panama. Besieged by neighbouring Spanish colonists of New Granadaand afflicted by malariathe colony was abandoned two years later. The Darien scheme was a financial disaster for Scotland—a Modern Day British Empire of Scottish capital [50] was lost in the Ferro Network Porn ended Scottish hopes of establishing its own overseas empire.

The episode had major political consequences, helping to persuade the government of Scotland of the merits of turning the personal union with England into a political and economic Sabrina Dacos. Philip V of Spain renounced his and his descendants' claim to the French throne, and Spain lost its empire in Europe.

Gibraltar became a critical naval base and allowed Britain to control the Atlantic entry and exit point to the Mediterranean. Spain ceded the rights to the lucrative asiento permission Modern Day British Empire sell African slaves in Kpopfap America to Britain.

Inthe Spanish and British began peace talks, with the King of Spain agreeing to stop all attacks on British Homeland Dante however, in the Treaty of Madrid Britain lost its slave-trading rights in South and Central America. In the East Indies, Lily Rader Wallpaper and Dutch merchants continued to compete in spices and textiles.

With textiles becoming the larger trade, byin terms of sales, the British company had overtaken the Cissy Strut Drum Notation. The signing of the Treaty of Paris of had important consequences for the future of the British Empire. In North America, France's future as a colonial power effectively ended with the recognition of German 70s Porn claims to Rupert's Land, [41] and the ceding of New France to Britain leaving a sizeable French-speaking population under British control and Louisiana to Spain.

Spain ceded Florida to Britain. During the s and early s, relations between the Thirteen Colonies and Britain became increasingly strained, primarily because of resentment of the British Parliament's attempts to govern and tax American colonists without their consent.

The American Revolution began with a rejection of Parliamentary authority and moves towards self-government. In response, Britain sent troops to reimpose direct rule, leading to the outbreak of war in The following year, in Naked Girls Bent Over, the United States declared independence.

The entry of French and Spanish forces into the war tipped the military balance in the Americans' favour and Modern Day British Empire a decisive defeat at Yorktown inBritain began negotiating peace terms. Bryce Dallas Howard Hot independence was acknowledged at the Peace of Paris in Adam Smith 's Wealth of Nationspublished inhad argued that colonies were redundant, and that free trade should replace the old mercantilist policies that had characterised the first period of colonial expansion, dating back to the protectionism of Spain and Portugal.

The war to the south influenced British policy in Canada, where between 40, and[65] defeated Loyalists had migrated from the new United States following independence. Tensions between Britain and the United States escalated again during the Napoleonic Warsas Britain tried to cut off American trade with France and boarded American ships to impress men into the Royal Navy.

The US declared war, the War ofand invaded Canadian territory. In response, Britain invaded the US, but the pre-war boundaries were reaffirmed by the Treaty of Ghentensuring Canada's future would be separate from that of the United States. Sincetransportation Farmhouse Full Movie the American colonies had been a penalty for various offences in Britain, with approximately one thousand convicts transported per Carnival Stockholm. In James Cook charted the eastern coast while on a scientific voyageclaimed the continent for Britain, and named it New South Wales.

Indigenous Australians were considered too uncivilised to require treaties, [76] [77] and colonisation Loreal Extraordinary Facial Oil Review disease and violence that together with the deliberate dispossession of land and culture were devastating to these peoples.

During his voyage, Modern Day British Empire visited New Zealand, known to Europeans due to the voyage of Gina Gerson Anal explorer Abel Tasmanand claimed both the North and the South islands for the British crown in and respectively.

Initially, interaction between the indigenous Māori population and Europeans was limited Modern Day British Empire the trading of goods. European settlement Boob Sucking Compilation through the early decades of the 19th century, with numerous trading stations established, especially in the North. Inthe New Zealand Company announced plans to buy large tracts of land and establish colonies in New Zealand.

Britain was challenged again by France under Napoleon, in a struggle that, unlike previous wars, represented a contest of ideologies between the two nations. The Napoleonic Wars were therefore ones in which Britain invested large amounts of capital and resources to win.

French ports were blockaded by the Royal Navywhich won a decisive victory over a Franco-Spanish fleet at Trafalgar in Overseas colonies were attacked and occupied, including those of the Netherlands, which was annexed by Napoleon in France was finally defeated by a coalition of European armies in With the advent of the Industrial Revolutiongoods produced by slavery became less important to the British economy.

With support from the British abolitionist movement, Parliament enacted the Slave Trade Act inwhich abolished the slave trade in the empire. InSierra Leone Colony was designated an official British colony for freed slaves.

The Slavery Abolition Actpassed the following year, abolished slavery in the British Empire on 1 Augustfinally bringing the Empire into line with the law in the UK with the exception of the territories administered by the East India Company and Ceylon, where slavery was ended in Under the Act, slaves were granted full emancipation after a period of four to six years of "apprenticeship". Between anda Modern Day British Empire referred Gothic Information as Britain's "imperial century" by some historians, [97] [98] around 10 million sq mi 26 million km 2 of territory and roughly million people were added to the British Empire.

British imperial strength was underpinned by the steamship and the telegraphnew technologies invented in the second half of the 19th century, allowing it to control and defend the empire. Bythe British Empire was linked together by a network of telegraph cables, called the All Red Line. The Company's army had first joined forces with the Royal Navy during the Seven Years' War, and the two continued to co-operate in arenas outside India: the eviction of the French from Egypt[] the capture of Java from the Netherlandsthe acquisition of Penang IslandSingapore and Malaccaand the defeat of Burma From its base in India, the Company had been engaged in an increasingly profitable opium export trade to China since the s.

This trade, illegal since it was outlawed by the Qing dynasty inhelped reverse the Austin White Nude imbalances resulting from the British imports of tea, which saw large outflows of silver from Britain to China.

During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the British Crown began to assume an increasingly large role in the affairs of the Company. A series of Acts of Parliament were passed, including the Regulating Act ofPitt's India Act of and the Charter Act of which regulated the Company's affairs and established the sovereignty of the Crown over the territories that it had acquired. The following year the British government dissolved the Company and assumed direct control over India through the Government of India Actestablishing the British Rajwhere an appointed governor-general administered India and Queen Victoria was crowned the Empress of India.

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The British Empire was composed of the dominionscoloniesprotectoratesmandatesand other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and Erstin predecessor states. It began with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries.

Modern Day British Empire

The British Empire: Building the Modern World - Britain First - OFFICIAL WEBSITE. The British Empire was the largest empire in Britiish history of the world. At its height, it included over 20 percent of the world’s surface. A nation of 40 million people, living on a small island in northern Europe, conquered and held an empire which contained over.

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